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What Level Body Armor Does the Military Use?

To serve in the military is a fulfilling and rewarding experience though it is also dangerous. It is important for those in the military to wear protective clothing to shield their bodies from the effects of threats. As military personnel, you are always exposed to threat where you sometimes have to face danger head on. Proper military body armor is a precautionary measure that is used to safeguard soldiers when out facing danger.

The type of body armor to be worn is determined by where it will be worn. This is because there are various levels of protection for different body armors. The type of threat you intend to face is also a factor to consider. However, the question that needs answering is what level body armor does the military use? The following will answer this question in detail.

What is Military Armor made of?

Bullet proof vests used by the military are made of Aramid fibers which are man-made plastics that provide enormous strength despite being lightweight. Most protective clothing is made from Para-aramid material; an improvement of Aramids. Kevlar® and Twaron® are made from Para-aramids and they are the most common materials used to make protective clothing.

Coolmax® fabric makes vest covers and it alleviates heat produced by a vest which could be uncomfortable for the wearer. It pulls away sweat from the body and maintains a cool body temperature.

Cordura® is a technological advancement that prolongs durability and versatility of overt vests. It is made from high tenacity fibers that permit durability of vest covers giving them the ability to endure wear and tear that damages vest covers.

Gore-Tex® is another material that provides breathability and waterproof properties to vests. This provides comfort when wearing the vest in addition to not having to worry about wetness.

What Level Body Armor does the Military Use?

When acquiring body armor, it is advisable to ensure that the armor is adherent to set protection levels. There are various standards for protection level but the US National Institute of Justice (NIJ) sets the best standards and is widely recognized. CAST (Centre for Applied Science and Technology) also sets standards in body armor. The military uses NIJ Level IIIA protection in combination with Level III and Level IV, in addition to neck, arm and groin protection.

The standards are set based on the ability of the body armor to withstand bullet speed and caliber. The faster and larger the bullet armor can take, the higher that NIJ will rate it. Standards are tested by taking multiple samples of body armor and subjecting it to wear and tear. Follow up testing continues for months and years afterwards; any body armor that is rated by the NIJ has proven its worth hence is safe to use.

Level IIIA

Level IIIA rated armor is soft like the one used to make Level II rated armor but it is heavier and thicker. Level IIIA rated armor protects against 9mm sub-machine gun and.44 Magnum ammunition.

Level IIIA rated body armor is bulkier than the others preceding it. The level is provided in vests as well as other ballistic protection such as a deployable shield that is made from Kevlar.

Level III

The Level III rated armor handles rifle rounds with small calibers such as a 7.62mm bullet from a SKS or an AK-47 rifle. Body armor that has level III protection is outfitted with firm ballistic plates that significantly add extra weight to the protection. Level III protection is specifically designed to deal with strategic confrontations and situations that involve serious firepower. For a vest to be rated level III, it has to resist 6 shots from a 7.62 bullet at a speed of 2780ft/s.

Level IV

This is NIJ highest rated level. It can endure the force of a 30 armor piercing rifle. This is the main ballistic protection provided in modern day and it is given to the military. It is quite heavy which makes it hard to use if the user has not received enough and proper training.

For those who find the level IV rating to be too heavy, they opt for a level IIIA vest and pair it with rifle plates to attain a higher protection level.

3 - Different levels of body armor

Ballistic Levels

The bullet proof vest is designed to shut in and slow down bullets in their attempt to go through the vest. Bullets proof vest are made as either soft or hard. The soft ones protect against small arms and hand gun types of ammunition whereas the hard ones protect against armor piercing and high caliber rounds.

Edged Blade Levels

NIJ is the yard stick that sets standards for ballistics testing; however, CAST (Centre for Applied Science and Technology) is in charge of standardizing stab-proof vests. There is an assumption that people make where they assume that body armor capable of stopping a bullet can also stop a knife. This is not true as bullet proof vests are made differently from stab proof vests. However, there are multi-threat vests that are capable of providing protection from edged weapons and bullets.

Spiked Weapon Levels

A soldier also has to consider spike threats. Protection from spikes is added to ballistic and stab vests. CAST certifies spike protection in combination with stab protection.


With the rising cases of crimes, it is safe to say that you need all the protection you can get. This is especially so for security officers and in some cases teachers as cases of students turning on their teachers has risen. The military is no exception as they face more serious threats that involve heavy weaponry. It is therefore necessary to provide them with appropriate body armor to enable them better protect the country. The body armor used today is weather friendly where it adjusts to current weather conditions leaving the wearer comfortable. The threats that the armor can withstand has also increased which is a relief to many.

What is the Highest Lumen Flashlight?

Every man needs a tactical flashlight. Imagine this scenario; you are walking heading towards your car after enjoying a beautiful evening. The street light near where your vehicle is packed happens to have malfunctioned. You have to find your way through the dark.

Suddenly, you hear small steps walking behind you. You turn to see what it is, but the darkness is all you can see. You turn and try to hasten your steps, and before you know, you have lost your phone and wallet.

This is one situation when a tactical flashlight can save the day. As the name suggests, tactical flashlights get designed for tactical situations. It is small enough to fit in your pocket trouser and can produce enough light to brighten an entire street.

What are lumens, and why are they important?

Lumens with a denotation lm refer to the amount of light that emanates from a source of light. Most customers confuse lumens and watts, but the two terms are closely related. While watts measure the amount of energy emitted by a bulb, lumens measure the level of brightness of the bulb. Therefore, the proper way to measure LED lights is by using lumens, not watts as we see in most light bulbs.

Importance of lumens

  • Lumens dictate the brightness of a bulb. In the year 2011, the US government designed a policy forcing all manufacturers to measure light bulbs in lumens as the government deems measurement using lumens more accurate.
  • Lumen is a standardized measure. Therefore, it is easier to give a recommendation on the best amount of lumens required for any project. For instance, indoor farming requires 2000 lumens per square foot.
  • Lumens are easy to convert. Using various available conversion tools, you can easily convert lumens to other forms of measuring light. It is important if you have customers to oversee, where they use a different measure of light.

Highest lumen flashlight


​K18 Ultratrack keychain lumen flashlight

The K18 Ultratrack is the best high lumen flashlight in terms of ease of use. This flashlight offers up to 370 lumens brightness, which is incredible considering that this is a mini-flashlight. Its intensity is more compared to most flashlights in the AAA keychain.

In terms of practicability, this flashlight takes the day. First, it is compatible with most both AAA alkaline batteries, and Ni-MH. Also, the torch has inbuilt mechanisms to prevent burn-out even if you install the battery in reverse.

The flashlight is waterproof and has a protective layer for impact resistance. Thus, you don't have to worry about falls. Also, since it is water-resistant makes it ideal for camping.


​Big Daddy 2000 NEBO lumen flashlight

This NEBO flashlight is the highest lumen flashlight available. The five light modes emit anything from 500 lumens to 2000 lumen of light, making it ideal for low light situations.

The NEBO is highly durable. Made from adonized Aluminium makes it the most durable flashlight. Note that the adonized Aluminium is used in making aircrafts; thus, you can imagine how durable this flashlight is. Further, it is waterproof and has a protective design.

It is powered by 9*AA batteries, producing the highest light. The batteries can last up to six hours, making this flashlight ideal for photography in low lit rooms. Its brightest setting is as bright as a car headlight; imagine what you can do with this brightness?


​Pro Tac88040 Lumen tactical flashlight

The Pro TAC uses C4 technology to produce optimum brightness. With this technology, the battery light is regulated to ensure that it provides maximum light output the entire battery life.

Its design makes it the ideal tactical flashlight. Small, lightweight, Compaq with a programmable LED makes it perfect to light up any space, whether it is a room or inside your car. Also, you can charge it inside your vehicle.


​Fenix PD35 TAC 1000 Lumen flashlight

Fenix PD uses a unique technology known as Cree XP to produce up to 1000 lumens of brightness. With a 50,000 hours lifespan, this is the best flashlight to explore the wild.

In spite of the small pocket size, the TAT is a high-performance flashlight. Its beam can cover a distance of 656 feet, with a large radius. If you put the outdoor setting, it can deliver up to 6 output modes. Also, it comes with a low voltage reminder to notify you when to change the battery.

The stainless steel side switch improves its durability. The side switch changes the mode under tactical mode. Also, it has an intelligent memory that automatically enters the last used mode.


​JV Tactical V1-PRO lumen flashlight

Under the J5 tactical flashlights, the JV is the best-selling flashlight. This tactical flashlight uses a single battery to produce ultra-bright light with a maximum of 350 lumens. The flashlight can run for up to 8 hours.

The adjustable focus range gives this JV an intense beam. Using the focus range, you can adjust the beam to cover a distance of two football fields. If you love cycling at night, then this is ideal for you. You can adjust into the three modes; low medium and high, depending on your required brightness. Also, the Compaq small design makes it highly portable and easily fits in your pocket.

Frequently asked questions about high lumen flashlight

What is an LED

An LED is a Light-emitting diode which in and solid-state, it can tolerate shock and vibration.

How bright is my flashlight?

The brightness of your flashlight depends on the lumen quantities it can emit. The higher the lumen, the more light it can emit.

Why do some flashlights have batteries and others don’t?

The decision depends on the manufactures packaging policy.

Why does my flashlight go to different lumen modes?

The different modes make the flashlight ideal for different situations.

Can I use my flashlight while charging?

Refer to the flashlights manual to see manufacture recommendation.

Thus, there is no right answer to the question, what is the highest lumen flashlight? Before deciding on the best lumen flashlight for you, understand your needs and find the features in the flashlight that meet your unique needs.

What Do Soldiers Carry in Their Backpacks?

What do soldiers carry in their backpacks? Soldiers carry a lot of things in their backpacks. They carry personal belongings, hydration packs, among other items they need when they are out for battle.

The backpacks are carefully designed to allow soldiers to carry all the items they need conveniently. Soldiers can spend a lot of time outdoors in the jungle. They need to carry the necessary items for them to survive when outdoors. The backpacks come with durable constructions which make them ideal for the outdoor applications.

When buying a military backpack, you need to ensure it is of the highest quality so that it can guarantee you long services. The soldiers spend time in rugged terrains. The best backpacks which can serve them well should have the most durable materials.

Features of a Military Backpack

Military backpacks come with several features. In most cases, they are reinforced with highly durable materials to withstand the rugged terrains where the soldiers operate. Here are some of the features you will commonly find in the military backpacks:

Waterproof covering

It is common for soldiers to walk in dump places where the contents of the backpacks can come into contact with water. To avoid any spoilage of foods or the batteries carried in the backpacks, most of the military backpacks come in waterproof design. They have waterproof coverings which prevent cases where the contents can be damaged due to exposure to water.

Extra strapping

There are times when the soldiers would like to carry extra sleeping materials. The military backpacks come with extra strapping which makes it easy for the soldiers to carry sleeping materials. They can carry sleeping bags among other items they will need to rest when in the mission. The strapping is made out of durable materials to support the extra sleeping materials as the soldiers move from one location to the other.

Drainage provision

There are cases where the soldiers can get rained on. In such a case, they need to have backpacks with extra drainage. The drainage makes it easy for the backpacks to dry fasting case it has been exposed to water. You will find the drainage provision made out of waterproof materials to allow for quick drying of the backpack each time the soldiers move through a swampy area. The military backpacks are designed to assure a high level of convenience as they move from one location to the other in their missions.

Chest or Sternum Strap

It is a form of the strap which goes across the chest of the soldiers. Soldiers find themselves in different situations. For example, they may have to hike or run while carrying the backpacks, which can expose their shoulders to too much pressure. The chest sternum helps in distributing the pressure, which makes it easy for the soldiers to move around quickly.

Adequate Hydration Bladder

The hydration bladder is allowed soldiers to access drinking water without having to stop. They can sue small hoses to access the water from the hydration bladder without having to stop. In some cases, soldiers are required to cover long distances where they tend to sweat a lot. The hydration compartment in their backpacks makes it easy for them to easily access drinking water as they move from one location to the other. Other features of the military bags are small utility pockets and internal frames for reinforcements.

What do Soldiers Carry in Their Backpacks?

Soldiers carry all their necessities in the backpacks. They need water, food, and first aid kits to survive in the jungle. All the items they need are packaged in their tactical bags. Here are some of the things which you will find in the military bags:

First-aid Kit

Soldiers use more comprehensive first aid kits when compared to civilians. You will discover them carrying the first aid kits in their backpacks so that they can perform first aid each time they face an incident. The conditions where soldiers go for missions are risky. They are prepared for any emergency which can arise through carrying the right first aid kits.

Hydration Packs

You will find the hydration packs in the backpacks of the soldiers. Water is essential for survival. Each more solid ensures there is enough hydration pack in the backpacks before the start of the mission. The military backpacks are carefully designed to guarantee you convenience as you carry the hydration packs.


Soldiers cannot survive for long without food. The backpacks are carefully designed to allow the soldiers to carry enough food which can serve them for a given period. Some of the foods the armies pack are power bars among other lightweight but high energy foods. Some backpacks come with self-heating compartments which make it easy for them to heat food as they move from one place to another. Examples of foods soldiers carry include cookies, pound cakes, peanut butter and daily shakes.

Survival Essentials

Soldiers carry survival essential in their backpacks in case they will have to survive in the jungle. For example, they can carry sunscreens, fire kits, medicine, sunglasses, and sleeping bags. The kits are packaged to allow the soldiers to survive in the jungle for long when out for extended mission or cases where the tasks can go wrong, and they have to survive outdoors. Backpacks are beneficial when carrying armed forces gear.Examples of survival gear include compass, small first-aid kit. water bottle, flashlight/headlamp, lighter and fire starters, whistle and signal mirror.

Personal Items

The soldiers can as well carry personal essential in their backpacks. They can carry MP3 players, small books, photographs, notepads, and pens. The tactical backpack plays a significant role when taking us army soldier equipment.

Weapons and Communication

Soldiers need to communicate with each other. The backpacks carry communication gadgets which they can utilize when stranded. Communication units include GPS units, cellular phones, and satellite phones. The weapons can consist of a survival knife, bayonets, handguns. bayonet-knife models, grenades.


Soldiers need extra clothing when out in missions. The tactical backpacks play a significant role in allowing the soldiers to carry extra clothing they need to survive when out for purposes. There are situations where the soldiers have to survive in the jungle, and they need extra clothing. Having the right tactical backpack plays a significant role in such circumstances.

Best Throwing Knives for Self Defense

We always see in movies people use throwing knives as a mechanism of self-defense. Well, can we apply the same in reality? There have been discussions as to whether throwing knives are reliable for self-defense or not. Still, various experts teach the act of throwing knives for those who find it ideal for defense and fun. Well, throwing knives do work as a way of self-defense if the art is done well and if you use the right dagger. Any knife can be thrown, including the kitchen knives, but the question is, are all knives useful for defense purposes?

What are throwing knives suitable for self-defense?

Several features qualify some knives to be suitable for self-defense than others. Therefore, if you are looking for a tactical knife that you can carry around if you work at night, here are a few tips to guide you.

Choose a thick bladed knife

Thin knives do not work when throwing as they cause imbalance and end up landing on the wrong side. So, choose a knife that has a thick blade.

The tip should not be too thin

When we talk of the tip not being too pointed, I mean it should not be needle-like sharp. Why? Such a knife may roll or even bend in case it lands on a hard object. Keep in mind that you may require to toss the knife more than ones, and thus you don't need a knife that will get damaged on the first throw. Therefore, avoid knives with such tips.

What are the best throwing knives?

However, some knives are specifically designed for throwing purposes. These knives are crafted with a balance mechanism and other features which enable the thrower to get a good aim. The blades come as a set or a single pack depending on the brand.

Here are the top five best throwing knives in 2019.


Perfect Point PAK-712-12 Throwing Knife Set

If you are looking for a value pack throwing knives for your safety, then get this throwing knife set. The kit comes with 12 pieces to last you for a long time. The knives are designed with an 8.5-inch length suitable for short throws. The blades are durable; hence, you don't have to worry about breakage in case you throw it far away. Another outstanding feature that makes the knife ideal for self-defense is the fact that the tip is not too thin.

Therefore, this makes the knives have a right balance and cannot bend or break if you hit a hard object. The blades are made of metal materials that are super strong for durability purposes. Other great features include the large handle which enables the user to have a good grip when throwing the knife, and they come sharpened for you. The price is fair considering the pack comes with 12 pieces.


​Cold Steel 80STK12 Sure Flight Sport Knife

This is another excellent throw knife that you can slip in your backpack for safety. It has all stable features to ensure your safety in case you are attached. First off, the blade is crafted with a thickness of around 3.5 mm to prevent it from breaking when thrown by force. The blade has a distinct design and black color; hence, no one can quickly notice it at night. It has a long handle to provide a comfortable grip when throwing it.

Note that the knife does come with a sheath; thus, you have to purchase it separately. The steel finishing on the knife increases its roughness and resilient. This knife is ideal for all people, including beginners, as its weight is light for comfortable holding.


​SOG Classic Throwing Knives Set with Sheath

The SOG throwing knives come as a pack of three pieces each. The blade is made of sturdy steel material that does not easily break, making them the best throwing knives for self-defense. The blades are 9.5 inches in length and have a paracord handle to enable you to have a good grip when throwing the knives. You can go hunting and camping with these knives as they are safe to use in all seasons.

Other features that make the set suitable for defense is that the knives do not spin and has created combative rotation which enables one to have a precise aim. The knives come with a velcro strap, and a belt strap for attaching the pack on your pants.


​Expendables Kunai 3 Piece Thrower

This knife brand has been on the market for a long time and is known for making the best knives for various activities, including survival. The crafting and designs are suitable for different occasions, such as defense and hinting. It has a 12-inch length with a stainless steel blade which does not rust or collide.

The handle is wrapped with a cord to give that strong and stable grip of the knife. It is easy to carry the knives around either when hunting or walking at night because the pack comes with a nylon sheath belt, leg strap, and the belt loop for hooking.


​Avis Supply 9 Inch 6 Pieces Stainless Steel Throwing Knife

One outstanding feature that this Avis throwing knife model has is the lightweight design that makes it comfortable to carry even for women. The knife features a 9-inch length and stainless steel material that is sturdy, and durable for the right balance. One pack comes with six pieces, nylon carrying pouch together with a belt loop for hooking on the pants.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What should I look for when buying my first-time throwing knife for self-defense?

A: As long the knife has a sharp blade, good grip and the tip is not too thin, it is a good start off for all.

Q: What distance is the best to stand from the target?

A: The right distance to aim at is around 2.6 to 3.1 meter from the target.

Q: How should I Grip the knife before throwing?

A: The knife should not stick-out underside of the hand, and the thumb should be on the side of the sword.


When going for outdoor recreational activities or if you work late nights, you should ensure your safety comes first. Tagging, throwing knives or throwing daggers along, is one of the most trusted ways for survival when abruptly attacked. Make sure to follow the above tips to guide in choosing the best throwing knives for self-defense.

If you have never used the knives before, consider attending the knives throwing classes, to learn the tips on how to throw knives, and how to handle the attacker with a knife.

How to Use MOLLE Straps

Fasteners and tactical backpacks have evolved over the years where entire systems have come and gone based on the needs of the day. However, each system had its focus on helping soldiers carry all the equipment they need in field and make it manageable for them to carry everything on their back without hindering their fighting ability. Early straps and buckles had some drawbacks including one-point attachment which made the items to swing and dangle as the soldiers ran. Also, metal items and tin cups hanging on the outside alerted the soldier’s enemy on their position by because of clanking together. Today, updated packs such as MOLLE straps have come to terms with some of these issues. Here is an exclusive look at everything you need to know about MOLLE straps.

What is MOLLE?

MOLLE is an acronym for Modular Lightweight Load-carrying Equipment. It was invented by Natick Labs R&D US Army division in 1997. After its invention, MOLLE did not become widely used for several years. However, it underwent massive adoption from the US troops deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan following the 9-11 attack in 2001. Currently, MOLLE is used on backpacks, belts, bags and tactical vests. It is a standard item utilized by most military units, fire departments, backpackers and law enforcement worldwide. MOLLE is made of a horizontal webbing system, also referred to as Pouch Attachment Ladder System (PALS) that allows users to design their gear using a modular system for their own needs. Today, it is a standard gear accessory featured on the product of top tactical manufacturers.

Different Types of MOLLE attachments

MOLLE attachments are available in many different types and purposes. The fact that they are found over the entire length of all sides allows you to attach side bags for extra space. The most common types of MOLLE attachments include flare pouches, baton pouches, ammunition pouches, handcuff pouches, pepper spray pouches, hydration carriers, gas mask pouches, radio pouches, holsters, grenade pouches, first aid pouches and a variety of utility pouches made for different items. Most of the packs often include a hydration pouch that makes water carrying easier. Utility pouches have elastic straps or inner organizers while others are used in carrying any item that does not need extra organization.

How to Use MOLLE straps - Tactical uses of MOLLE

MOLLE straps enable you to attach multi-tools, magazine pouches, knives, holsters, canteen carriers, grenade pouches and other equipment to load-bearing compartments, military bags, rucksacks, and tactical backpacks. Pouch attachment ladder system made of heavy-duty nylon fabric is stitched on the gears so that you can secure your MOLLE pouches and accessories to your equipment for easy on-the-go access to the compartments. MOLLE attachment system has MOLLE specific straps that are made to weave between the attachment and the material you are attaching it to. The sticks snap shuts securely holding the attachments in place. Here are the steps to follow on how to use MOLLE straps.

#1. Choose Your Attachment Point

When it comes to using MOLLE straps, you should first locate the place you want to attach your MOLLE attachment. To help you choose the best configuration, you can try experimenting by placing your MOLLE pouches on top of your backpack or other equipment before you can attach anything. Also, the weight, size and the frequency in which you will require to access the item you are attaching will determine the location of your attachment.

#2. Insert Attachment Straps Via Webbing

After selecting the location of attaching your MOLLE attachment, its time to attach it. You should start by slotting in each add-on strapping through the webbing on the top first row. Pull the straps until the pouch is completely secured to the first-row webbing. Now here comes the tricky part, you should weave the attachment straps back onto the MOLLE webbing back onto the pouch accessory you are attaching.

#3. Weave the MOLLE Strap Back Through the Component

Instead of slotting in attachments through the many webbing rows, you should weave the strap back through your accessory pouch MOLLE webbing. Place both attachment straps through your accessory pouch webbing and pull them to get a secure fit and tightening as go.

#4. Interlock the Webbing and Your Accessory Continually

Dependent on the MOLLE attachment size you are securing, you are supposed to continue with this pattern until the attachment strap comes to an end. Continue weaving the strap through the webbing on your attachment and equipment until all that remains are the buttons or snaps at the top. In case your attachment has multiple straps, you should ensure you repeat this for every strap until the entire attachment is fully secure.

#5. Secure Buttons or Snap Closures

After you have woven the add-ons through the MOLLE netting on your accessory pouch and the MOLLE webbing on the pack you are attaching your accessory pouch; the last thing is securing the snaps to ensure your pouch will no go anywhere. Shake the pouch and feel how much secure the attachment is to your bag and if it has lesser movements. The attachment should be rigid and have the minimum movements on the accessory.

Using MOLLE straps is that simple. However, you should ensure you use every row as you weave your straps through to keep your gear ultimately secure. More so, when woven correctly, your MOLLE attachments will almost feel like they were initially built together with your MOLLE attachments for the backpack.


Thanks to the great success with the military that the MOLLE system did not take long to get into the world of civilians. Today, the MOLLE attachment system is available on bags and backpacks where customization has gone a long way in improving its efficiency. Everyone can now enjoy the expediency of having everything reachable and handy through the various MOLLE attachments. In fact, MOLLE compatibility is one of the essential features to have on your backpack. From campers to hikers, paintball to airsoft enthusiasts, MOLLE has gained incredible popularity among different user groups for its versatility and solidarity.

How to Break In Combat Boots

After buying combat boots, you need to make them get used to the contour of your feet. At first, they may feel uncomfortable, but you need to break in so that they can start fitting well. Even if you have bought the right size, they will tend to press more on certain parts of your body which make it unnecessary to break in. It is a simple process of making your combat boots get used to the contour of the foot. There are several processes you can follow to make the combat boots get used to the shape of your foot. You should ensure you break in the shoes to avoid cases where they will press on your tender feet to an extent where they will cause blisters.

How Should Combat Boots Fit?

The combat boots should fit in such a way they will leave some room at the front of the shoes. The room is necessary to allow your feet to move freely in the boots to avoid injury. The shoes should fit well but not too tight. The heel should be left to stay in place but not forced to move back and forth as you walk. The back and forth movements can cause blisters if not checked. To make the boots stay comfortable, you should try loosening them or tightening the laces at specific parts to allow them to fit perfectly.

How to Break in Combat Boots

There are several methods you can apply to break in the combat boots. Here we are going to explain several approaches so that you can choose one which can work well for your given condition.

Soak them wear the boots

It is a method which can work well if you are not in a hurry to break in the combat boots. You will have to leave them in the bathtub from where they will soak the leather. After the boots have been soaked in the bathtub, you will then have to remove them and wear. Wear two socks so that you can create more volume in the shoes. Wear the wet shoes with thick socks for the whole day then remove and dry them. The damp leather will expand as your feet press on the two socks. After you have won them for the whole day, they will expand. Dry them outside, and they will expand, allowing you to have the perfect fit.


The method is easy to apply. You will have to wear shoes then feel areas where they are too tight. You will have to use blow-dry in the areas, and they will dry the leather. It is a simple trick which you can apply, and it will help you stretch the specific areas where they fit too tight. When leather is exposed to the warm air from the blow-dry, it tends to stretch, which will contribute towards breaking in the shoes easily.

Use ice bags

You will have to fill polythene bags with water then put in the shoes. The water will create contour, just like your foot. After you have filled the bags with water, you will then have to put it into the freezer. Leave it in the freezer overnight, and it will create ice which will occupy more volume than the water. The increase in volume due to the creation of ice will lead to an expansion which will contribute towards breaking in the combat boots.

Wear thick socks

You can use thick socks to break in the combat boots easily. The thick socks will make the size of your foot appear bigger. The extra pressure it will exert on the combat boots will lead to an increase in the size of the combat boots, which in one way or another will lead to increasing the assize of the shoes. It is an easy way you can break in the combat shoes without having to involve water. The method is applicable if the combat boots you are about to break in are not fitting too tight. Ensure you choose socks which are soft to your feet to avoid abrasion, which can lead to injury.

Types of Combat Boots


Standard Issue

They are the most common combat boots you will find around. The shoes are offered to infantry soldiers and police. Waterproof construction makes them ideal for different applications. Other features which make the shoes stand out are their slip-resistant design. They have soft soles to allow the wearers to enjoy. The upper part can be made out of hardened leather or synthetic materials. They can handle a wide range of terrain which includes swamps and snow.


​Jump Boots

The US army paratrooper squadron first used the combat boots during World War II. The tales of paratroopers in their adventures made many people love the shoes back at home. The combat boots are designed to keep the feet, knees, and the ankles safe during parachute landings. Ankles and heel sections are reinforced to offer extra protection when the soldiers land from parachutes. The shoes are characterized with comfortable soles and springs for a smooth landing.


​Tanker Boots

The tactical boots are designed for soldiers who operate in tankers. Designers of the shoes where after ways of avoiding cases where laces can interfere with the moving parts in the tankers. Slip-resistant and high durability makes the shoes stand out.


​Extreme Weather Boots

They are combat boots designed to serve soldiers who work in extreme weather conditions. The combat boots include winter boots, desert boots, and jungle boots. They incorporate features which make them adaptable to specific areas.

Tactical boots come in different designs. You need to choose one which can serve in your specific area. If you are going to operate in a desert, then you need to look for combat boots which are designed to work well in the desert environment.

Best Retention Holsters – A Comprehensive Guide

Carrying a handgun around without a holster is asking for trouble. It is easy for the gun to fall off, or worse, fall into someone else’s hands. Holsters are designed to hold guns securely in place.

One of the most important features of any holster is its retention capability and capacity. Some holsters simply support guns. They are like open pockets where you slide your gun in and out. Other holsters, however, have special features that lock the gun in place. These are called retention holster.

What is a Retention Holster?

A retention holster is a holster that is fitted with mechanisms that securely lock the gun in place. Retention holsters are designed to prevent guns from slipping and falling off. They also prevent other people from grabbing and withdrawing your gun.

Retention mechanisms vary greatly in design and setting. However, they can all be classified into two categories:

Active Retention

Holsters that have an active retention mechanism are specially designed to stop other people from accessing your gun. The locking mechanisms are usually sophisticated. There is often a pattern to be followed when disengaging the locks.

The benefit of active retention is that you are guaranteed protection from potential gun grabbers. However, it has one significant shortcoming: it also limits the access to your gun. As mentioned, you have to disable all locks to draw the gun. This may take some time, especially if you have not mastered the locking mechanism fully. It certainly does not help in emergency situations when you need to draw your gun quickly.

Active retention holsters are recommended for ordinary civilians who do not draw their guns often. However, anyone, including people who are frequently in the line of fire, can carry one as long as they are fast with their hands.

Passive Retention

You may think of a passive retention mechanism as a more relaxed version of active retention. Holsters with this mechanism do lock guns securely in place. However, the locking system is simple and doesn’t require manual unlocking. It means that you can draw your gun instantly whenever the need arises. However, it also means that anyone else can get a hold of your gun just as easily.

Passive retention holsters are best suited for people in law enforcement and generally anyone who uses a handgun a lot. You should always be careful about how you brandish your gun when using a passive retention holster.

Levels of Retention Holsters

You have probably observed that holsters are advertized according to different levels. The levels are used to classify the holsters’ retention capacities. There are five holster retention levels:

  • Level 1 - moderate retention capability
  • Level 2 - enhanced retention capability
  • Level 3 - optimum retention capability
  • Level 4 - exceptional retention capability
  • Level 5 - maximum retention capability

These retention levels are not standard across the industry. One brand’s high retention level may fall short of another brand’s standards. However, there are some common traits for the first three retention levels.

A level 1 retention holster usually features a passive retention mechanism. This is the lowest retention level. Level 2 retention holster takes the security a notch higher. It usually features an automated active locking mechanism. There are specialized locking mechanisms, but they are simple and relatively quick to disengage.

A level 3 retention holster takes all the necessary precautions. These holsters usually feature an extra thumb-activated pivot guard, in addition to another active locking mechanism. The pivot guard is a strap or hood that covers the gun’s rear end. This strap has to be engaged to draw the gun.

Top Three Retention Holsters

There are more retention holsters than there are guns. You cannot tell the difference between most. Some, however, do stand out for their quality. Here is a review of three of the best retention holsters in the market today:


IWB Tactical Retention Holster

IWB is a trusted brand for gun accessories. The IWB Tactical retention holster combines security and convenience. It also stands out for its simplicity.

The IWB Tactical retention holster features both active and passive retention mechanisms. It features a retention strap for active locking. This strap is also removable for passive locking. Additionally, the holster is designed to sit inside the waistband, which makes it ideal for concealed carrying.

This holster is universally sized to fit all weapons ranging from compact guns to full-size firearms. It is made of thin nylon material that is not only comfortable but also strong and durable.


Blackhawk Epoch Light Bearing Holster

Blackhawk is reputable for its quality holsters. The Blackhawk Epoch is a level-3 holster that adds convenience to optimum security.

This holster marks both active and passive locking mechanisms. It features a pivot guard that opens by thumb activation. It also features an auto-lock thumb release. All the straps are easy and quick to unlock. Additionally, the holster fits and meets all SERPA holster platforms. It is considered one of the most versatile holsters on the market.

This holster is made of proprietary polymer carbon-fiber material. It is both soft and tough. The snaps and hooks are fixed securely in place. What’s more, it fits a wide range of guns.


Walther PPS IWB Holster

The Walther PPS IWB holster feels and works as good as it looks. The holster is made of a combination of materials, including molly steel and stainless steel. It is polished all-round and packs a sleek look. The edges are rounded, and its entire body is protected using a sweat shield to guard your waist against sharp edges and keep sweat from seeping into your gun.

This holster features a military-grade rubber retention mechanism. Additionally, all retention straps are coated using a shock-absorbing thread weld. It boasts a level-3 retention capability, but the locks are easy and simple to work once you get used to it. Guns fit easily, and you will hear a clicking sound when the gun is secured.

Final Word

It is always better to be safe than sorry. It is smart to carry a gun, and it is necessary to use a holster. Make sure that you get a retention holster for safety. Additionally, keep this guide in mind when picking out the ideal holster for your needs.

What Flashlights do Police Use?

Since many crimes and violations happen in the cover of darkness, a flashlight is probably the essential item a night shift police officer should carry apart from a gun. It is paramount for a law enforcer to be always prepared. Having a full gear package is a crucial necessity. Aside from having great courage, it does not hurt to have the best equipment to make policing work a little bit easier. When choosing a flashlight, it is essential to go through each feature carefully to get the best piece. Features to check include, the material used in making the flashlight, the light lumen it emanates and the suitability of it in different situations. Some flashlights come in handy as defense weapons in close combat.

They give a tremendous tactical advantage to the officers in the field, and that is why they are referred to as tactical flashlights.

Types of flashlights police use

People in the law enforcement trade widely use different kinds of flashlights. The main difference arises in the beam of light that is produced by each.

LED flashlights

LED flashlights are commonly used in different fields. Their use has generally increased due to their durability. They also do not produce any heat making energy, therefore, conserving power. They give out white light with a blue hue making it very appropriate in very dark environments.

High- Intensity Discharge HID flashlights

HID flashlights produce a very high lumen, bright light. They are easily portable and come in handy when a police officer wants to disorient a person. They make use of electric currents that pass through ionized gas. The flashlight is long-lasting, rechargeable, and waterproof. Police can use it in adverse weather conditions.

Handgun flashlights (weapon lights)

These are flashlights that can be mounted on a long gun or handgun. It enables a police officer to shine a light on a target while at the same time holding the firearm firmly. It negates the awkward situation of carrying a gun on one hand and a flashlight on the other. It is essential in cases where there is gunfire in a dark environment.

Headlamp flashlights

The headlamp flashlights are worn using a band on the head. They are great tools to have, especially in rescue operations in the dark. The law enforcement officer may be in a position that requires the use of both hands. The headlamp flashlight enables the officer to perform the duty in the best condition possible.

​The main Flashlight models that police use.


​Streamlig​​​​ht 754​​​​58 St​​​​​​​​inger

It can easily be the brightest flashlight used by police. It is a handheld flashlight that comes with fascinating yet essential features. It uses LED lighting and is also rechargeable. Due to their size and durability, it makes it a great weapon to use in close combat. The C4 LED technology used for this model is much more potent than the common high-intensity LED light bulbs. At full power, the bulbs can produce a brightness of 640 lumens. The lamps have a 50000 hours lifespan.

The light produced is blinding and can reach 297 meters.


​SureFire Defender E2D​​​​ LED Flashlight

The Surefire Defender has all the features that are essential in a tactical flashlight. Its reliability and durability are unquestionable. It is also a convenient impact weapon when an officer is dealing with violent criminals. It has a feature referred to as the strike bezel. Due to the reinforced materials making the unique bezel, it can land highly effective blows to a criminal.

It is a military-grade flashlight made up of aerospace aluminum.

The LED bulbs produce 500 lumens enabled by a TIR lens. This feature results in a concentrated focus with a sharp cut-off.


J5 Tactical V1-PRO 300

It has an ultra LED light. It is long-lasting even when using a single AA battery. Therefore there is no need for constant charging.

The most exciting aspect of this special flashlight is that it has zoomable capabilities. That is, you can zoom the light beam to either cover a wide area or concentrate the light on a specific item.

It can emit light over the length of two football pitches with light bright enough to spot any target in the shone are. It has three modes of use, strobe, high and low modes. Therefore it is capable of conserving energy when required.


Armytek Barracuda Pro V2

This flashlight was designed with a law enforcer in mind. It consists of a high-intensity CREE XHP35 LED, which emits light that is exceptionally bright. The white glow it produces, together with the brightness makes it a reliable flashlight when searching for criminals in very dark alleys.

What’s more? It is operational in sweltering conditions up to 105 degrees Fahrenheit and shallow temperatures even -25 degrees with no effect on the high performance.

It can emit a maximum of 15000 lumens with the light beam reaching over 2500 feet.

It offers nine output levels consisting of two strobe modes. A police officer can quickly access the preferred mode because it has auto memorization.


Surefire X300 Ultra

This is a handgun flashlight. It can emit up to 600 lumens for a total of one and a half hours. It has a new mounting system that tightly secures the torch onto the firearm. It can be used by policemen using either a long gun or a handgun. It is waterproof, and the activation is located at the back of the light. It, therefore, permits operation using one hand.

The brilliant feature of this flashlight can be remotely activated when using either a long gun or a handgun.

It is an essential tactical tool that comes in handy in gunfire that takes place deep into the night.

Frequently Asked Questions about police issued flashlights

The following are the most asked questions about police flashlights.

1. Is it permitted for regular citizens to purchase and own a tactical flashlight?

2. What is the best-recommended charger for a tactical flashlight if the original is missing or faulty?

3. What is the most crucial factor to consider when purchasing a new tactical flashlight?

4. How many flashlights does a regular law enforcer carry when on night duty shift?

5. How long can you use one tactical flashlight before you decide to discard it?

6. Are police officers permitted to use tactical flashlights as impact weapons?

7. What power source do police officers use to charge their flashlights when in patrol vehicles?

Police flashlights are a great tool that enables police officers to perform their duty in optimal conditions. The bright light from police flashlights disorient criminals in the dark and therefore can be apprehended with minimal fuss. Whether on duty or off duty, a flashlight is a handy tool for any police officer. This is helped by modern advancement in the field that has produced several flashlights that are smaller and portable anywhere. There are pen flashlights that have proven very useful in the field. Police officers, therefore, do not have to wait till daylight to keep citizens in an area safe. They can create their light using their tactical flashlights.

How To Choose A Compound Bow That Matches Your Needs

Are you looking where to buy the best compound bow for the money?

Archery is one of the many sports that need tight discipline and control in order to master the craft.

In this sport, your main partners are your own bow and arrows. That is why choosing compound bows for archery is very crucial — you have to get the best, not according to what you see from others, but according to your own personal needs and standards.

Compound Bows For Archery

Compound Bows For Archery

Among the many types of bows you can use for archery, the modern compound bows are said to be the fastest and provide the most powerful and accurate shooting.

Moreover, unlike the longbow, recurve, and other traditional bows, you only require a lesser effort to give a certain draw weight. For example, a draw weight of 60 pounds can be pulled at a hold of only 18 pounds, which gives you the lesser strength needed to hold it.

Compound bows have a variety of sizes and designs. The equipment is usually a personal possession, so if you’re into this sport, you will have to choose the best compound bow for the money that also fits your own body size and structure for better grip and control.

To give you an idea on how to choose a compound bow as you get into archery, here are some tips you may want to consider when selecting crossbows:

How to Choose a Compound Bow That’s Right for You

1. Make It Simple

Especially if you are still new to compound bows for archery, put your focus in finding a bow that matches well with your body weight, structure, and proportions. This provides you easier control of the bow. Once you gain more experience, that’s when you start to upgrade your equipment.

2. Know Your Own Strength

You may be awed in witnessing the fastest crossbow in stores today that can shoot up to 300 feet per second. Don’t be tempted to purchase one just because you see it is fast or that it can hold a greater draw weight. For accuracies sake, you may not yet have the strength to pull the bowstring enough to achieve the right power and speed.

3. Check on the Technical Considerations

Various technical factors should also be considered when choosing compound bows for archery. The axle length, draw length, the height of the brace, draw weight, and the overall weight of the bow has to be according to the proportions of your body.

Buy The Best Compound Bow For The Money

Buy The Best Compound Bow For The Money

Follow the tips on how to choose a compound bow in order to get the full experience for your new sport of archery. Also, before buying a certain type of bow, you may check the reviews from other people who have already previously used them. Make sure, too, to fully test the bow so you can experience the actual feel of it and see to it that it perfectly matches your needs.

Shop for the best compound bows for archery that matches your standards and start your new sport.

Basic self defense Techniques For Everyone

Do you already have self defense techniques to protect yourself during dangerous situations?

Whatever it takes to be careful with the world around us, sometimes the roads we take in life require security measures we put in our houses to keep us safe, we never know when a crime can happen where we might become victims.

That is why some people are learning martial arts even at a very young age — to protect themselves in times of trouble especially when they need to defend ourselves, physically, with somebody in order not to risk our own lives.

Self Defense Techniques To Protect Yourself

Self Defense Techniques To Protect Yourself

We never know when we could be attacked by strangers, it is important we are ready with our defenses anytime, especially for women. However, this doesn’t mean that men are safe from these situations. Whether you are a man or a woman, you still can be a victim of crime, and so you should know at least the basic self defense moves for real world situations.

And while martial arts can help you escape and be safe in times of trouble, not everyone can have the time or money to enroll on these types of classes. There are, however, easy self defense techniques that can help you in defending yourself.

Here is a survival guide with simple yet effective techniques you can learn in order to defend yourself in dangerous situations:

Basic Self Defense Moves For Real World Situations

1. Straight Punch

This is one of the most basic self defense techniques you can learn to protect yourself. Once you notice a person is dangerous the straight punch is an effective move. Make sure you’re in a balanced position, then make a fist. Thrust your fist forward, as well as your hips, for stronger impact. Note where you throw your straight punch also matters. Hit your fist to a vulnerable area such as the throat, nose, or eyes.

2. Front Kick to the Groin Area

One of the most vulnerable parts of the body is the groin. So you can have the advantage, weaken your opponent by giving him a front kick in that area. Throw your hips forward with the knee half-bent and heel positioned at the back. As you attack, stretch out your knee and leg to give a force as the top of your foot lands to the groin of your opponent.

3. Knee Kick on Close Attacks

If your opponent is too close to you, your movement will be limited. However, you can still be able to defend yourself by giving him a knee kick. Throw a knee kick by driving your knee up straight to the groin of the opponent.

Learn To Defend Yourself In Dangerous Situations

Learn To Defend Yourself In Dangerous Situations

Bea ready for any trouble you may fall into. Learn to defend yourself in dangerous situations by following these tips on the basic self defense moves for real world situations. Practice how to execute these moves properly so you can have the skills for self defense and survive in difficult and dangerous situations.